Guidance on reading for parents
Everybody knows that learning to read is a fundamental skill for life. This is why we value it so highly in school from the moment the children have their first experiences with us.
EYFS: Phonological awareness
The development of phonological awareness is an essential pre requisite of both reading and writing. The starting point is oral language and this curriculum guidance works hand in hand with our curriculum for communication and language development. Developing young children’s awareness of words, syllables, rhymes and phonemes significantly increases their later success in learning to read and write.
Phonics helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language. Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined helps children decode words as they read. Understanding phonics also helps children know which letters to use when they are writing words.
Phonics is taught using a structured regular approach suited to the ages and abilities of the children.
Initial emphases are on developing attention and listening skills to provide the foundation for all phonological awareness. This involves teaching children skills in listening, recalling and sequencing. Children will be discretly taught auditory and visual discrimination. Children in Nursery begin with Letter and Sounds Phase 1 which provides a range of playful activities to develop listening and sound identification skills. Progress is regularly tracked. In addition, the enabling environment and adult interactions will give children opportunities to develop and practise specific skills.
As children move into Reception they continue to build upon these skills and are introduced to The Early Reading Programme. The programme is designed by Educational Psychologists and is based upon extensive research into the most effective ways of teaching reading. This is a systematic synthetic phonics programme designed to teach the first stages of reading (decoding) and spelling (encoding). We teach children to recognise the sounds that individual letters and combinations of letters make. Pupils learn to blend these sounds together to read words. They go on to use this knowledge when writing.
At least twice daily each session gives an opportunity for children to revisit their previous experience, be taught new skills, practise together and apply what they have learned.
Foundation Stage 1a:
Respond to the noises adults make when they read stories.
Recognise and respond to familiar sounds
Play with sounds, songs and rhymes.
Hear and develop a preference for stories, rhymes, songs, poems or jingles.
Repeat words or phrases from familiar stories.
Fill in the missing word or phrase in a known rhyme, story or game
Letters and Sounds Aspects 1-3
50 books to Read
Foundation Stage 1b:
Develop a sense of a steady beat
Join in with rhyming and rhythmic activities.
Shows awareness of rhyme and alliteration.
Recognises rhythm in spoken words
Continue a rhyming string.
Develop auditory memory
Recite rhymes, poems and songs from memory
Join in with repeated refrains and anticipate key events and phrases in rhymes and stories.
Develop auditory discrimination
Hear and say the initial sound in words.
Letters and Sounds Aspects 4-6
50 Books to Read
Foundation Stage 2a:
Phoneme awareness – synthesise and segment words orally with no visual stimulus for each word type:
Phonic skills: Grapheme/phoneme correspondences.
Pack 1: s a t p i n m d g o c k e u r h b f l j v w x y
Packs 2 – 11: sh ch ,ck a_e i_e ea ee ll o_e th oo ai ar ng oa or aw qu ou ow ss tch wh pp ff ur ay ir are er igh ear, oi ew air, oy
To use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately:
To use phonics knowledge to spell regular words accurately:
Early Reading Packs 1 -7
Read Write Inc Book Bag Books
Jelly and Bean decodable readers
Foundation Stage 2b:
Read phonically regular words of more than one syllable
ow, oo, e-e u-e, au, ph ie u zz
Additional packs 1-3
Read Write Inc Book Bag Books
Children’s progress is continually reviewed and they are formally assessed on entry and after a sequence of packs has been taught.
Children who do not make the expected progress receive additional support
The national Phonics screening check is performed in June of Year 1. The purpose of the screening check is to confirm that all children have learned phonic decoding to an age-appropriate standard. The children who did not meet the required standard for the check in Year 1 enter again in Year 2 with additional support. As children enter KS2 provision is made for those children still requiring daily phonics.
Learning to decode text accurately is just the start of the reading journey. Reading is all about establishing meaning and appreciating the purpose and intentions of the writer. Teachers focus on developing seven aspects of learning:
||Use a range of strategies, including accurate decoding of text, to read for meaning
||Decode accurately Read with basic understanding (recall)
||Understand, describe, select or retrieve information, events or ideas from texts and use quotation and reference to text
||Seek, find and understandLiteral response to text. Refer to examples in the text
||Deduce, infer or interpret information, events or ideas from texts
||Inference and deduction. Read between the lines; interpret information; put yourself in the character’s shoesUse evidence from the text to support views
||Identify and comment on the structure and organisation of texts, including grammatical and presentational features at text level
||Why is the text presented and organised as it is?Comment on structure. Comment on presentational features
||Explain and comment on the writers’ use of language, including grammatical and literary features at word and sentence level
||Why did the writer use that word/phrase/image/sentence construction/ punctuation? Awareness of the impact of the language used on the reader; literary awareness
||Identify and comment on the writers’ purposes and viewpoints, and the overall effect
||What are the ‘big messages about life’ here?What are the writer’s attitudes, values and view on the world?What is the writer’s purpose?
||Relate texts to their cultural and historical contexts and literary traditions
||What style of writing is this? Which literary genre does it sit in?How does this text relate to the world of literature?Can you put the text in context: socially/historically/culturally?